1. Earlier Known as Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), it was created in 1954
Bhabha was the founding director of the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET) which is now named the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in his honor.
2. BARC handles all facets of nuclear power generation
Nuclear power is the fifth-largest source of electricity in India after coal, gas, hydroelectricity and wind power.
From Designing of reactors, modeling, risk analysis and simulation, it all happens here. Just another day at work!
3. Bhabha died in a mysterious air crash, supposedly brought down by CIA
Homi Bhabha was flying to Vienna to attend a meeting when the plane crashed into Mont Blanc in the Swiss Alps on January 24, 1966.
4. BARC has till date successfully established multiple 5 Power Reactors
Apsara in 1956 was the first reactor. The picture below shows Apsara, CIRUS (another reactor provided by Canada), and a plutonium processing facility.
India used the spent fuel (Converted into Plutonium) from CIRUS for 1st nuclear test in 1974. You can thank Canada for the CIRUS and USA for heavy water. Though they pretty much hated what India did back then.
5. BARC developed an indigenous, easy to use tool for detection of Fluoride levels in groundwater.
Despite the tight budgets, babudom, not-so-serious successive governments and lack of support from foreign countries, BARC did actually manage to put atoms in the service of the nation. More than a 1,000 companies all over India have already adopted this new technology, and more are ready to make a go for it. This tool enables companies to detect fluoride levels in water, in order to protect people from related diseases.
6. Civilian Research: they successfully developed 15 new varieties of groundnut
The recently released large seed mutant varieties benefited many farmers, traders and exporters by virtue of their earliness, moderate seed dormancy and superior productivity. 3 varieties of mustard, 2 of soybean, 8 of greengram, 5 of blackgram and so on.
7. BARC has decided to establish 3 multi-products plants in Punjab
They will be fully equipped to handle the crop diversification needs of the state. High yielding varieties of potatoes, sugarcane and maize will be processed here.
8. The organization played a significant role in making India the 6th country in the world to have a nuclear submarine
The submarine can go untraced from one end of Indian Ocean to the other without being traced and it increases India’s second strike capability. Needless to mention, India has the no-first policy for nuclear warfare.
9. BARC designed India’s first pressurized water reactor of 80mw capacity at Kalpakkam
BARC has a functioning PWR with a capacity of 20 MW at Kalpakkam at its PRP Centre. PRP originally stood for Plutonium Reprocessing Project. Prior to his current position, Basu headed the PRP. The reactor for INS Arihant was designed and built based on the reactor at Kalpakkam, around 70 km from here.
10. BARC employees cannot even carry a silly SIM card inside the premises
The employees of BARC are under strict supervision including the senior scientists. They are alloted a particular identity card, one can access the gates of BARC after producing this identity card.